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From babies to adults, acne can be a problem for people of all ages. About every fifth person will have active acne at some point in his or her life and one in every three of them may have permanent acne scars.


Acne is a disease of the pielo sebaceous glands that affects the face, back, neck and chest in the form of comedons, papules and sometimes cysts. Acne is driven by inflammation. When the epidermal cells that line the pore become clogged up there is an inflammatory response, which manifests as whiteheads, blackheads and pustules. The extent of inflammation determines how large and painful the pimples will be. The underlying cause of oily skin is excessive sebum production by the overactive oil glands. This sebum accumulates on the surface of the skin causing a number of cutaneous symptoms like shiny skin, dull complexion, uneven skin texture, dilated pores and various blemishes.


Genetics - acne does run in families, so genetic factors are involved.
Hormonal changes - when the body experiences a surge of hormones due to menstruation, pregnancy, menopause or stress, androgen levels rise, causing the production of skin cells and sebum to be amplified.
Medication - some drugs taken for other medical conditions have an impact on acne. The progestogen-only contraceptive pill, phenytoin (an epilepsy treatment) and some ointments and steroid creams used to treat eczema can all make the spots worse.
Food - having unhealthy diet may show on your skin.


Sun exposure - raises inflammation internally even though, initially, the skin may look better. Regular sun exposure results in a greater chance of post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation.
Heavy make-up - oil-based and heavy makeup traps toxins in the pore that may be contributing to your breakouts.
Harsh topical products - they may irritate and over-dry the skin from the outside in and re-stimulate oil production.


  • Avoid picking and squeezing. Blemishes heal faster when they are left untouched
  • Change your shampoo. Creamy shampoos and other
hair products can leave blemish-causing residue on your skin
  • Steer clear of eating too much raw fish/sushi, it can contain high levels of bacteria
  • Sweat toxins out of your skin regularly in the sauna
  • Practice regular lymphatic facial massage, which will move toxins along and prevent them from becoming trapped.
  • Eat organically farmed, hormone-free meat and dairy products whenever possible.


Our consultant dermatologists can provide assessment, diagnosis and treatment for all types of acne, as well as advice on an individual care plan for your skin. Treatment may involve prescription medication, skin care and medical facial treatment including light and laser therapy

Make an appointment today